Narcissus cyclamineus

Plant of the month: March

narcissus cyclamineus

Narcissus cyclamineus, this daffodil can be found by the Rock Garden Pool and belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae.

This gorgeous small daffodil has intense yellow petals that sweep back dramatically from the narrow trumpet, that has a frilly edge, making the flower seem twice as long as it is. It grows to about 125mm high with narrow pale green leaves that are about the same length, it is unmistakable.

This species narcissus known from 1608 is now quite rare in the wild and was once thought to be lost. However, it was rediscovered in 1885 outside the town of Oporto in Portugal.

Narcissus cyclamineus is growing happily in gravelly soil by the Rock Garden Pool. This situation appears to suit it as it is spreading very happily. It resents being dug up and increases through seed dispersal rather than the normal offsets, so, buying bulbs that have dried out in a packet is not very worthwhile, sowing a packet of seed would appear to be a better option.

A second interesting daffodil can be found to the rear of the Lawn Aviary. Narcissus ‘Tamara’ is one of the earliest to flower having started in February.

‘Tamara’ is a wonderfully strong looking daffodil with bold yellow flowers.

Apparently, all narcissi leaves contain small, very sharp crystals on calcium oxylate, which discourages grazing animals. This is a bonus in the Gardens as this makes narcissi one of the few bulbs not targeted by mice, squirrels or badgers.

Cultivation

Narcissi bulbs need to be in the ground early in the bulb planting season. This means late August or early September is the optimal time. This gives the bulbs plenty of time to put down strong roots.

Cyclamineus enjoys soil that is the acid side of neutral with more water than most narcissi require.

‘Tamara’ along with most other narcissi enjoy neutral soil that is not too dry in the summer.

Please do not be tempted to cut back the daffodil foliage until it has died back. The leaves produce nutrients that are sent down in to the bulb for next year’s growth and flower production. Similarly tying the leaves up into neat bundles stops this process happening.

A good feed with a high potash fertiliser after flowering will also help produce large blooms next year.

As clumps become congested they will stop flowering, at this point dig them up, split and replant with a generous handful of high potash fertiliser. You will be rewarded with many flowers in the following years.