A to Z Glossary of Gardening Terms
Acid Soil is where the soil has a low pH value is between 3.5 and 6.
Puncturing or loosening soil to allow water penetration
Alkaline Soil is where the pH value is higher than 7.
Annual plants are plants which life cycle lasts for only one year.
Plants with all the soil removed from their roots.
Biennial plants are plants which live for two years. Producing flowers and seeds the second year.
Early stages of development/growth of a flowers or plant growth.
An underground storage organ for the group of perennials which includes daffodils and tulips.
The Chelsea chop (so called because it is usually carried out at the end of May, coinciding with the RHS Chelsea Flower Show) is a pruning method by which you limit the size and control the flowering season of many herbaceous plants.
Circinate vernation is the manner in which a fern frond emerges.
An underground stem which produces roots, leaves and flowers during growing season.
Deadheading is the process of pinching or cutting off used blooms to keep the plants from seeding.
Deciduous means “falling off at maturity” or “tending to fall off”, and it is typically used in order to refer to trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally (most commonly during autumn) and to the shedding of other plant structures such as petals after flowering or fruit when ripe.
When a pod or seed vessel would gape or burst open.
Direct seeding or direct sowing just means that you start plant seeds in the garden, rather than starting seeds indoors earlier and transplanting them outside. Many seeds of both flowers and vegetables can be started outdoors, at the start of the growing season.
In botany, an evergreen is a plant that has leaves throughout the year, always green. This contrasts with deciduous plants, which completely lose their foliage during the winter or dry season.
An F1 hybrid (or filial 1 hybrid) is the first filial generation of offspring of distinctly different parental types. F1 hybrids are used in genetics, and in selective breeding, where it may appear as F1crossbreed.
First Early Potatoes
A flowering and fruiting stem or cane of a plant such as a bramble
Germination is the process by which a plant grows from a seed. The most common example ofgermination is the sprouting of a seedling from a seed of an angiosperm or gymnosperm. In addition, the growth of a sporeling from a spore, such as the spores of hyphae from fungal spores, is alsogermination.
the stems or tops of crop plants (as peas or potatoes) especially after the crop has been gathered.
(in botanical use frequently simply herbs) areplants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.Herbaceous plants may be annuals, biennials or perennials.
A small stalk bearing an individual flower in an inflorescence.
In botany and dendrology, a rhizome is a modified subterranean stem of a plant that is usually found underground, often sending out roots and shoots from its nodes. Rhizomes are also called creeping rootstalks and rootstocks.
A rootstock is part of a plant, often an underground part, from which new above-ground growth can be produced. It can refer to a rhizome or underground stem.
Second Cropping Potates
Second Early Potatoes
Semi-deciduous or semi-evergreen is a botanical term which refers to plants that lose their foliage for a very short period, when old leaves fall off and new foliage growth is starting.
The best definition is a perennial (usually herbaceous) plant that will not overwinter in the garden because it’s too cold. Simple as that. According to this definition, the list of tender perennials will increase for each step north you take, including half-hardy perennials, subtropicals and tropicals.
A much thickened underground part of a stem or rhizome, e.g. in the potato, serving as a food reserve and bearing buds from which new plants arise.
Cultivation of land – Soil with large pore spaces for air infiltration and water movement.